When to use ‘do’ | Cuando usar ‘do’

Forming questions | Formando preguntas

Catherine: What is your name?

Emily: My name is Emily.

C: How do you spell your name?

E: E-M-I-L-Y.

Where? = Dónde?

How? = Cómo?

What? = Qué?

Questions often start with who, where, what, when, why or how. We shall use what, where and how today.

Frecuentemente las preguntas comienzan con ‘who’, ‘where’, ‘what’, ‘when’, ‘why’ o ‘how’. Hoy vamos a usar ‘what’, ‘where’ y ‘how’.

What is your name? = ¿Cuál es tu nombre?

What are you called? = ¿Cómo te llamas?

Where do you live? = ¿Dónde vives?

How do you spell that? = ¿Cómo deletreas eso?

If you look at the questions above you can see that sometimes we use the word ‘do’ when asking a question and other times we don’t.

We use the word ‘do’ in a question when we are not using the verb ‘to be’.

Si miras las preguntas arriba, puedes ver que algunas veces usamos la palabra ‘do’ para hacer preguntas y otras veces no.

Usamos la palabra ‘do’ cuando no estamos usando el verbo ‘to be’.

C: How do you spell your name?

E: E-M-I-L-Y.

The verb ‘to be’ | El verbo ‘to be’

pronounsimple present tense
Iam
youare
he / she / it is
weare
theyare

Catherine: What is your name?

Emily: My name is Emily.

In this question we use the verb ‘to be’ in the form ‘is’ so we do not use ‘do’.

En esta pregunta usamos el verbo ‘to be’ en la forma ‘is’ entonces no usamos ‘do’.

E: Where do you live?

C: I live in La Serena.

In this example, the verb is ‘to live’ so we need to use ‘do’.

En este ejemplo, el verbo es ‘to live’ entonces debemos usar ‘do’.